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A new definition of the Dirac-Fock ground state

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Eric Séré

Abstract

The Dirac-Fock (DF) model replaces the Hartree-Fock (HF) approximation when relativistic effects cannot be neglected in atoms and molecules. Since the Dirac operator is not bounded from below, the notion of ground state is not obvious in this model, and several definitions have been proposed in the literature. We give a new definition for the ground state of the DF energy, inspired of Lieb's relaxed variational principle for HF. Our definition and existence proof are simpler and more natural than in previous works on DF, but remains more technical than in the nonrelativistic case. One first needs to construct a set of physically admissible density matrices that satisfy a certain nonlinear fixed-point equation: we do this by introducing an iterative procedure, described in an abstract context. Then the ground state is found as a minimizer of the DF energy on this set.
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Dates and versions

hal-03858943 , version 1 (18-11-2022)
hal-03858943 , version 2 (13-12-2022)

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Eric Séré. A new definition of the Dirac-Fock ground state. 2022. ⟨hal-03858943v1⟩
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